Suresh kumar Dangi
Linux and network administrator
|File||Purpose||Where to Find More Information|
|User and Security Files|
|/etc/group||User group information||group, chmod|
|/etc/npasswd||npasswd configuration file||npasswd|
|/etc/shadow||shadow password file||password, npasswd|
|/etc/passwd||User account information||password, chmod|
|/etc/bootptab||Internet Bootstrap Protocol server database||bootptab|
|/etc/exports||Directories to export to NFS clients||exports|
|/etc/gateways||List of gateways||routed|
|/etc/hosts||Hostname to IP address mapping file||route|
|/etc/hosts.equiv||Lists of trusted hosts and remote users||hosts.equiv|
|/etc/inetd.conf||inetd configuration file||inetd|
|/etc/named.conf||named default initialization file||named|
|/usr/lib/named or/etc/named.d||named configuration files||named|
|/etc/smb.conf or /etc/samba/smb.conf||SAMBA configuration file||smb.conf|
|/etc/snmpd.conf||SNMP daemon configuration file||snmpd.conf|
|/etc/ftpaccess||FTP configuration file||ftpaccess|
|/etc/httpd/access.conf||HTTP access configuration file|
|/etc/httpd/httpd.conf||HTTP daemon configuration file|
|/etc/httpd/srm.conf||HTTP server resource management configuration file|
|/etc/services||Network services list||services(5)|
|/etc/XF86Config or /etc/X11/XF86Config||X-Server configuration file||XF86Config, xf86config|
|/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc||xinit configuration file||xinit|
|$HOME/.xinitrc||User-specific xinit configuration file||xinit|
|$HOME/.fvwmrc||fvwm configuration file||fvwm, X|
|/usr/lib/X11/system.fvwmrc||System default MWM configuration file||fvwm, X|
|System Start-Up Files|
|/etc/inittab||init configuration file||inittab|
|/etc/lilo.conf||Lilo configuration file||lilo.conf, lilo|
|/etc/rc*||System start-up scripts||init, initscript|
|System Log Files|
|/etc/syslog.conf||System login configuration file||syslog.conf|
|/var/log/message||General system log file||syslogd|
|Systemwide shell configuration files||man-page for respective shell|
|User-specifc shell configuration files||man-page for respective shell|
|/etc/sysconfig||Miscellaneous configuration files|
#!/bin/bash ftp_site=ftp://yoursite.com username=roger passwd=abc123 backupdir=$HOME filename="backup-$(date '+%F-%H%M').tar.gz" echo "Creating a backup file $filename of $backupdir." # Make a tar gzipped backup file tar -cvzf "$filename" "$backupdir" ftp -in <<EOF open $ftp_site user $username $passwd bin put $filename close bye EOF
Posted in Hacking tips on June 7, 2012
To visit YouTube, Twitter, Facebook and some other websites that are blocked in China, sometimes I use free online proxy tools, but most of the time, I like using free proxy softwares, since they are faster and free of ADs.Among those free proxy softwares, below 10 are the most popular.
The Freegate proxy software supports both English and Chinese languages, you can download and run it without any installation.
When Freegate runs, it will automatically open Dynaweb homepage in IE, which you can turn off in the settings. For any other browser, you can set the browser HTTP proxy to 127.0.0.1:8580.
The free proxy software UltraSurf also supports English and Chinese, and you can also download and run it without any installation.
When UltraSurf runs, it will automatically open Ultrareach homepage in IE, and of course you can turn it off in the settings. For any other browser, you can set the browser HTTP proxy to 127.0.0.1:9666.
The GTunnel proxy software also supports Chinese and English languages.
The most powerful feature of GTunnel is that you can access the proxy network with your GTalk or Skype account.
When GTunnel runs, it will automatically open Garden Networks homepage in IE, if you like to use GTunnel on any other browser, just set the browser HTTP proxy to 127.0.0.1:8081.
The free proxy software Tor supports a lot of languages, such as English, Chinese, French, and so on.
For windows, you can download the Tor Browser Bundle, which can be used directly without any installation, or you can download the Installation Bundle and install it.
To run the Tor proxy software, just set the browser HTTP proxy to 127.0.0.1:8118, but most of the time, you also need to add some bridges.
GappProxy is an http proxy software based on Google App Engine, and its instructions are written in Chinese, here is the English instructions translated by Google.
You can download the GappProxy windows client and run it without installation, but most of the time, you need to create a new FetchServer with Google App Engine and Python.
To run GappProxy, you need to set the browser HTTP proxy to 127.0.0.1:8000, or you can check out this post for how to install and use GappProxy.
The free proxy software Hyk-proxy is also built on Google App Engine and Java with Chinese instruction, here is the English instruction offered by Google Translate.
You need to create a Google App Engine application to use the hyk-proxy client, for more details, you can check out this post.
To run Hyk-proxy, you need to set the browser HTTP proxy to 127.0.0.1:48100.
7. Your Freedom
Create a free account on the Your Freedom website, download and install the suitable client for your computer system, change your browser HTTP proxy to 127.0.0.1:8080, then you can visit those blocked websites.
The configuration will take a few minutes, but automatically.
You can download the GPass proxy software and run it without installation.
The most powerful feature of GPass is that you can access the proxy network with Tor or Skype.
You need to set the browser HTTP proxy to 127.0.0.1:8000.
You need a SSH account to use the free proxy software Tunnelier.
For SSH account, you can use your own hosting, or search for a free account.
You need to set the browser HTTP proxy to 127.0.0.1:7070.
Install the Firefox add-on AutoProxy , then you can switch the above nine free proxy softwares from one to another easily, no need to change the browser HTTP proxy address every time.
Or you can use below free proxy software, which is free of browser network settings.
10. Hotspot Shield
Besides English, French and Chinese, Hotspot Shield also supports Arabic, Persian, Russian and Vietnamese.
You download the Hotspot Shield software and install it, then you can use the free proxy services, but there will be ADs when you visit open any web page.
ompression is something which everyone tries to get in MP3 or Video files because they might wanna carry those videos or music files on their mobile phone or any other portable devices, and there are many MP3 compressors available in the market but when it comes to video compression you might think that quality may decrease but that’s not the case.
Features of SpeedyFox .:
1. Boosting Firefox startup speed upto 3 times.
2. Boosting Browsing Speed.
3. Quicker Operation with Cookies.
How to use SpeedyFox .:
1. After Downloading SpeedyFox Run it.
2. You will a window like below just click on Speed Up My Firefox ! ( Remember Firefox should be close )
3. Now it will run its process and within sec it will complete and give you success message like below now just enjoy faster Firefox.
Torrents are the main source for the latest software’s, games, movies, music etc. as they provide everything @ a faster pace so what about if we can tweak its speed to download stuffs more fastly so below is the guide for tweaking UTorrent settings for increasing its speed .:
Procedure for Tweaking UTorrent Client :
1. Choose the best Bit torrent client : this can be difficult but this is really important that you choose the best client for downloading purpose, as we compare through the users opinion UTorrent is the best Torrent client for downloading Torrents, download UTorrent
2. Get the best Seeder and Leecher .: now downloading entirely depends on the seeders and leechers so getting the best with highest numbers would be the best options for the faster downloads.
3. Enable Firewall Exception : firewalls are the main blocking units which can block all the connections of your bit torrent client so to enable firewall exception is really important, just open UTorrent > Preferences > Connection > Add Windows Firewall Exception.
4. Change net.max_halfopen : change the default value for net.max_halfopen under Preferences > Advanced > net.max_halfopen , its value would be 100 or low just change its value to 80 like in the below image.
5. Enable Protocol Encryption : enabling protocol encryption may increase your download speed well this step may work work for you or not so just experiment between Enabling & Disabling option. To enable Protocol Encryption just go to Preferences > Bittorent > Enable Protocol Encryption.
6. Change Bandwidth and Connection Settings : Change the values for bandwidth and Connection as in the image below .:
That’s it now these were some of the tweaks for UTorrent Client which I came across and which may help you in increasing your torrent downloading speed so have fun experimenting different settings and if you have any other tweak for faster downloading then please share by commenting below.