Computers History-Suresh Dangi

  1. 1936Konrad Zuse – Z1 ComputerFirst freely programmable computer.
  2. 1942John Atanasoff & Clifford Berry  ABC ComputerWho was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC.
  3. 1944 Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper Harvard Mark I ComputerThe Harvard Mark 1 computer.
  4. 1946 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly ENIAC 1 Computer20,000 vacuum tubes later…
  5. 1948 Frederic Williams & Tom Kilburn Manchester Baby Computer & The Williams TubeBaby and the Williams Tube turn on the memories.
  6. 1947/48 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain & Wiliam Shockley The TransistorNo, a transistor is not a computer, but this invention greatly affected the history of computers.
  7. 1951 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly UNIVAC ComputerFirst commercial computer & able to pick presidential winners.
  8. 1953 International Business Machines. IBM 701 EDPM ComputerIBM enters into The History of Computers.
  9. 1954 John Backus & IBM FORTRAN Computer Programming LanguageThe first successful high level programming language.
  10. 1955 (In Use 1959)Stanford Research Institute, Bank of America, and General Electric ERMA and MICRThe first bank industry computer – also MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) for reading checks.
  11. 1958 Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce The Integrated CircuitOtherwise known as ‘The Chip’
  12. 1962 Steve Russell & MIT Spacewar Computer GameThe first computer game invented.
  13. 1964 Douglas Engelbart Computer Mouse & WindowsNicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end.
  14. 1969 ARPAnetThe original Internet.1970Intel 1103 Computer MemoryThe world’s first available dynamic RAM chip.
  15. 1971 Faggin, Hoff & Mazor Intel 4004 Computer MicroprocessorThe first microprocessor.
  16. 1971 Alan Shugart &IBM The “Floppy” DiskNicknamed the “Floppy” for its flexibility.
  17. 1973  Robert Metcalfe & Xerox.The Ethernet Computer NetworkingNetworking.
  18. 1974/75Scelbi & Mark-8 Altair & IBM 5100 ComputersThe first consumer computers.
  19. 1976/77Apple I, II & TRS-80 & Commodore Pet ComputersMore first consumer computers.
  20. 1978 Dan Bricklin & Bob Frankston VisiCalc Spreadsheet SoftwareAny product that pays for itself in two weeks is a surefire winner.
  21. 1979 Seymour Rubenstein & Rob Barnaby WordStar SoftwareWord Processors.
  22. 1981 IBM The IBM PC – Home ComputerFrom an “Acorn” grows a personal computer revolution
  23. 1981Microsoft MS-DOS Computer Operating SystemFrom “Quick And Dirty” comes the operating system of the century.
  24. 1983Apple Lisa ComputerThe first home computer with a GUI, graphical user interface.
  25. 1984Apple Macintosh ComputerThe more affordable home computer with a GUI.
  26. 1985Microsoft WindowsMicrosoft begins the friendly war with Apple.SERIESTO BECONTINUED

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